What is Direct Commercial Sales Process to Sell to Foreign Militaries?

The U.S. Government directly, and indirectly, benefits from the transfer of military systems or technologies to end users and foreign governments. The transfers of defense technology equip the country’s allies and international friends with the ability necessary to address both global and regional security issues. Also, foreign sales help to boost the United States industrial base by providing capital for innovation, lowering the overall defense systems, and maintaining productivity.

The Directorate of Defense Trade Controls is responsible for issuing and administering the licenses that permit vendors in the U.S. to sell any type of defense item to a foreign end user. It is the role of the Bureau of Industry and Security to issue the necessary export licenses for the sales of certain and dual-use defense items.

In the export approval process, the department of Defense is required to review the proposed transfers for issues related to national security concerns and then provide one of the following recommendations:

  • Approval
  • Return for additional information
  • Approval with additional measures that help to manage the risk of misuses or diversion by any foreign party
  • Denial

The recommendation from the Department is then forwarded to the licensing agency and is one of the USG Interagency positions Commerce and State consider when deciding whether or not a license will be issued.

DTSA, which is the lead agency of the Department of Defense related to export license reviews will conduct an in-depth national security review of any export license requests for a transfer of defense-related goods from Commerce and State. Also, DTSA works very closely with the International and Industry counterparts prior to licenses being requested to find any possible foreign disclosure or technology security problems.

The recommendations for license distribution is assessed by many different departments and offices throughout the government. Also, DTSA even has an in-house staff of technologists, information security specialists, and foreign affairs specialists that offer technology security recommendations. This ensures the license is only issued to companies proven to accept and meet all regulations and requirements for exporting goods – of any type – to foreign militaries.

In some cases, the DTSA Licensing Specialists have opposing positions regarding the issuance of the licenses. This results in the DoD having the final say-so to ensure that the U.S. technological edge held by the military is maintained and protected.

If you plan to export goods to a foreign military then going through the licensing process to do so, is a must. While it may seem intensive, it is only because it is in an effort to protect sensitive data and information and ensure it does not fall into the wrong hands. There are also countless agencies and services that can help those who have goods to export acquire the needed licensing and then meet all requirements for acquiring goods.

Need assistance in navigating Direct Commercial Sales rules and other export compliance programs? Contact DXL Solutions, your international defense sales turn-key partner.

What are the uses of the Robinson R-44?

The Robinson R-44 fits into the class of light helicopters that has been around since 1992. It seats four and is based on the Robinson R22 which is a two seater. The helicopter is made by Robinson Helicopter Company. It features hydraulically assisted flight controls. Some of the uses of this Robinson model include:

Private Aviation

Have you ever just wanted to skip all traffic and fly to work? That’s what some people in China do. In the bustling cities of Shanghai and Beijing, for example, some Chinese citizens are opting to get around town in the Robinson R-44 rather than sit in traffic. Private aviation is booming in Asia, and more and more people are using helicopters for private transportation.

use of the Robinson R-44
PUNTA CANA, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC – DECEMBER 31 The Robinson R44 Helicopter from Cana Fly in Punta Cana on December 31, 2013 The Robinson R44 is a four-seat light utility and trainer helicopter

Sight-Seeing Tours

Seeing the world from above is an amazing experience for the average person. In fact, just being in a helicopter is often a thrill in and of itself. That’s why the Robinson R-44 is the perfect helicopter for tourist companies. The fact that it fits four people and is lightweight makes it a good choice to fly over tourist hot spots throughout the world.

Helicopter Training

Pilot training schools often use the Robinson R-44 for helicopter pilot training. They choose the R44 over the R22 for one very simple reason – the Robinson R-44 has a fantastic safety record when you compare it to the earlier model. The R-44 is more expensive than the R22 and costs more to operate, but considering its track record the investment is worth it for many pilot training schools.

Military Operations

The Robinson R-44 is also used by some militaries around the world, including Estonia, Jordan, Lebanon, and The Dominican Republic. The fact that this helicopter is well made and doesn’t require constant maintenance makes this one of the most affordable investments for any military.

Our mechanics love working on the Robinson R-44. It’s a straightforward machine that follows logic and can often be fixed without running into problems with parts or anything else – except sometimes the rotor blades can present a challenge. However, we typically see minor problems when it comes to servicing this helicopter. What we see is issues with seatbelts, avionics issues, oil leaks, or other minor problems.

At DXL Solutions, we look forward to servicing your Robinson R-44 helicopter, whether for routine maintenance or another issue. We pride ourselves in getting our maintenance tasks done efficiently and quickly so you can get your helicopter up and fly again.

To schedule maintenance for your Robinson R-44, give us a call at 206-575-5107, and one of our friendly team members will get everything set up and ready to go.

History of the Robinson R-44 Helicopter

The Robinson R-44 has been called the best helicopter in the world for civilian and personal use and primary training purposes, and judging by its popularity and flight record, that’s probably true.


The R-44 was a logical evolution from the Robinson Helicopter Company’s highly successful R-22, which was a two passenger aircraft. The company determined that there was a sufficient demand for a four-seat version, and development of the R-44 was begun in 1986. The initial prototype was flown in the spring of 1992, and FAA certification was granted in 1992. The first purchase was delivered in 1993.

The Robinson R-44 has enjoyed high-popularity on the civilian market, and has also been used by police, military, news media, flight training, and other commercial operators.

In 2014, an R-44 earned the the world speed record for a piston-powered helicopter of 227 km/h. In 1997, pilot Jennifer Murray flew an R-44 on the first round-the-world flight in a helicopter made by a woman, accomplishing the feat in 97 days.

Robinson R-44 Specifications

The helicopter is classed as a light utility and training aircraft. It has dual flight controls, and is capable of carrying a pilot and three passengers, or a second pilot. It is powered by a Lycoming IO-540-AE1A5 flat, six-cylinder, fuel-injected engine producing 245 hp, rotating a two-blade main and tail rotor. It has a maximum speed of 150 mph, and a cruising speed of 130 mph. Maximum ceiling is 14,000 ft and range is approximately 350 mi. The R-44 has an empty weight of 1,450 lbs and a fully-loaded weight of 2,500 lbs, with a 800 lbs payload. The starting purchase price in 2011 was $425,000, with a total hourly operating cost of $190.

The Robinson R-44 has proven to be a very reliable and safe aircraft with a minimum of maintenance required for operations.

Robinson R-44 Versions

  • R-44 Astro – Original version, no longer in production.
  • R-44 Raven I – This was the Astro’s replacement, an upgrade featuring standard hydraulic controls and adjustable pedals, as well as some other improvements.
  • R-44 Raven II – Introduced the fuel-injected engine, a larger main rotor, aerodynamic tip caps, and optional fixed or pop-out floats for water operation.
  • R-44 Clipper I and II – Both versions come standard with utility floats, but fold-out floats are only available on the Clipper II.
  • R-44 Police – A Raven II specially outfitted for police work with TV and video cameras, searchlights, bubble doors, special comm gear, and many more features.
  • R-44 Newscopter – Billed as a digital-electronic news gathering version of a Raven II, comes with several types of camera systems and microwave transmission capability.
  • R-44 IFR – Fully equipped for IFR flight and training purposes.

The Robinson R-44 seems well-poised to remain one of the most versatile and useful helicopters within its price range available on the market today. DXL Solutions provides maintenance, repair, and overhaul services for the Robinson R-44, Robinson R-22, the UH1 Huey and UH-60 Blackhawk. Contact us for any needs.